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Stem cells are cells in the body that can make copies of themselves (self-renew). They can also develop (differentiate) into more specialized cells. The body naturally uses stem cells to replace damaged and diseased tissue. There is interest in using stem cell therapy as a medicine.

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved stem cell therapy for limited use in some people with cancer or aplastic anemia. Stem cell therapy is also being studied in some clinical trials under an "Investigational New Drug" or "IND" application. Stem cell therapy that is FDA-approved or that is being studied under an IND application helps assure that the product is safe, pure, and of appropriate strength.

But there are companies marketing stem cell therapy directly to consumers for many unapproved conditions and without an IND application. These conditions include diabetes, heart disease, Parkinson disease, and many others. There's no good scientific evidence to support these uses. Direct-to-consumer stem cell therapy is also unsafe and has been linked to many serious adverse events including death.

Stem cells are cells that can develop into more specialized cells. Stem cell therapy involves using stem cells to replace damaged and diseased cells in the body. For example, in osteoarthritis, the bone and the cartilage degrade and this causes pain. It is thought that stem cells can help regrow the bone and cartilage and reduce pain in osteoarthritis.

When given as a shot or by IV: Direct-to-consumer or "commercial" stem cell therapy is LIKELY UNSAFE. Direct-to-consumer stem cell therapy has been linked to many serious adverse effects such as cancer, vision loss, blood infections, stroke, heart attack, and death. There is also concern that not all adverse effects that happen are reported. Avoid direct-to-consumer stem cell therapy.

It is not known if this treatment interacts with any medicines. Before using this treatment, talk with your health professional if you take any medications.

There are no known interactions with herbs and supplements.

There are no known interactions with foods.

Direct-to-consumer stem cell therapy involves taking different types of stem cells and injecting/transplanting them into the body part that is being treated. For example, in osteoarthritis of the knee, stem cells can be injected into the knee joint.

Adipose Derived Stem Cell Therapy, Commercial Stem Cell Therapy, Commercial Stem Cell Transplant, Commercial Stem Cell Transplantation, Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy, Mesenchymal Stromal Cell Therapy, Stem Cell-Based Interventions, Stem Cell Clinics, Stem Cell Tourism, Stem Cell Treatments, SCBI.

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