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Vitamin K is a group of vitamins found in some green vegetables. Vitamins K1 (phytonadione) and K2 (menaquinone) are commonly available as supplements.

Vitamin K is an essential vitamin needed by the body for blood clotting, bone building, and other important processes. It's found in leafy green vegetables, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts. The name vitamin K comes from the German word "Koagulationsvitamin."

People commonly use vitamin K for blood clotting problems or for reversing the blood thinning effects of warfarin. It is also used for osteoporosis, athletic performance, breast cancer, diabetes, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support most of these other uses.

Natural Medicines rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate.
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  • Osteoporosis.  Oral vitamin K might reduce the risk of fractures and bone loss in patients with osteoporosis. However, it may not be beneficial in patients at risk for developing osteoporosis.
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When taken by mouth: The two forms of vitamin K (vitamin K1 and vitamin K2) are likely safe when taken appropriately. Vitamin K1 10 mg daily and vitamin K2 45 mg daily have been safely used for up to 2 years. It's usually well-tolerated, but some people may have an upset stomach or diarrhea.

When applied to the skin: Vitamin K1 is possibly safe for most people when applied as a cream that contains 0.1% vitamin K1.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Vitamin K is likely safe when taken in recommended amounts of 90 mcg daily for those over 19 years old. Don't use higher amounts without the advice of a healthcare professional.

Children: Vitamin K1 is likely safe when taken by mouth appropriately.

Kidney disease: Too much vitamin K can be harmful if you are receiving dialysis treatments due to kidney disease.

Liver disease: Vitamin K is not effective for treating clotting problems caused by severe liver disease. In fact, high doses of vitamin K can make clotting problems worse in these people.

Reduced bile secretion: People with decreased bile secretion might not absorb vitamin K supplements very well. People with this condition might need to take supplemental bile salts along with vitamin K to improve absorption.

Warfarin (Coumadin)

Interaction Rating=Major Do not take this combination.

Vitamin K is used by the body to help blood clot. Warfarin (Coumadin) is used to slow blood clotting. By helping the blood clot, vitamin K might decrease the effectiveness of warfarin (Coumadin). Be sure to have your blood checked regularly. The dose of your warfarin (Coumadin) might need to be changed.

Coenzyme Q10: Vitamin K helps the blood to clot. Coenzyme Q10 can have some of the same effects as vitamin K. Taking coenzyme Q10 and vitamin K together can increase blood clotting. This can be a problem for people who are taking blood thinners. Coenzyme Q10 plus vitamin K might overwhelm the effects of blood thinners.
Tiratricol: There is some concern that tiratricol might interfere with the effects of vitamin K. But it's not clear if this is a big concern.
Vitamin A: There is some concern that high doses of vitamin A might interfere with the effects of vitamin K. But it's not clear if this is a big concern.
Vitamin E: High doses of vitamin E (e.g. greater than 800 units/day) can reduce the effects of vitamin K for blood clotting. In people who take warfarin, a blood thinner, or in people who have low vitamin K intakes, high doses of vitamin E can increase the risk of bleeding.

There are no known interactions with foods.

Vitamin K is an essential vitamin. It is found in leafy green vegetables, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts.

It's recommended that males over 19 years old consume 120 mcg daily, and females over 19 years old consume 90 mcg daily. While pregnant and breast-feeding, 90 mcg should be consumed daily. Recommended amounts for children depend on age. Speak with a healthcare provider to find out what dose might be best for a specific condition.

2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone, 2-methyl-3-phytyl-1,4-naphthoquinone, 4-Amino-2-Methyl-1-Naphthol, Fat-Soluble Vitamin, Menadiol, Menadiol Acetate, Menadiol Diacetate, Menadiol Sodium Diphosphate, Menadiol Sodium Phosphate, Menadiolum Solubile Methynaphthohydroquinone, Menadione, Ménadione, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite, Menaquinone, Ménaquinone, Menatetrenone, Menatétrenone, Phytonadione, Methylphytyl Naphthoquinone, Phylloquinone, Phytomenadione, Vitamina K, Vitamine K, Vitamine Liposoluble, Vitamine Soluble dans les Graisses.

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